Joan Miró, painter, sculptor, printmaker and decorative artist, was born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893. At the age of fourteen he went to business school in Barcelona and also attended La Lonja, the academy of arts in the same city. After completing three years of art studies he took a position as a clerk. When Miró suffered a nervous breakdown he abandoned business and resumed his art studies, attending Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915. Miró received early encouragement from the dealer José Dalmau, who gave him his first solo exhibition at his gallery in Barcelona in 1918.
Miro made his first trip to Paris in 1919, where he visited Pablo Picasso in his studio.. From 1920 Miró divided his time between Paris and Montroig. Dalmau organized Miro’s first solo exhibition in Paris, at the Galerie la Licorne in 1921. His work was included in the Salon d’Automne of 1923.
Surrealism began at this time, with the writer Andre Breton issuing the Surrealist Manifesto. Surrealism was supposed to be a fusion of reality and the dream, a sort-of “super” reality. Breton felt that Miró’s work had an innocence and freedom about it. Miro showed his work in Surrealist exhibitions, and was influenced especially by the poets Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy and Tristan Tzara.
Joan Miro joined the Surrealist group. His solo exhibition at the Galerie Pierre in Paris in 1925 was a major Surrealist event.
In 1929 Miro started his experiments in lithography, and his first etchings date from 1933. During the early 1930s he made Surrealist sculpture-objects incorporating painted stones and found objects. In 1936 Miró left Spain because of the Civil War; he returned in 1941…
Click “View Full Artist Profile” to read more.