Jules Dupre

Jules Dupre

1811 – 1889

Jules Dupré, born in Nantes, began his career at the age of eleven as an apprentice to his father, a porcelain decorator.  In 1829, Dupré went to Paris, where he met Ducamps, Jeanron, and Huet, and developed a friendship with Cabat

Jules Dupré was one of the leading Barbizon painters who influenced impressionism alongside Rousseau in the Fontainebleau Forest, South of Paris. Dupré began exhibiting in the Paris Salon in 1831.  He traveled to England in 1834 and discovered the painters Constable & Turner who introduced him to a humble subject matter with dynamic of light.  Painting directly from life, plein air, and depicting everyday, genre scenes with thick, scumbled paint was an approach that produced a scandalous uprising that the staunch, academic art world needed to give birth to Impressionism.

In 1835, four of Dupré’s landscapes were exhibited at the Paris Salon, and he won a third-place medal.  It was around this period in his life that he became a key figure in the Barbizon School.

In 1839, Dupré exhibited at the Salon for the last time until 1852.  His refusal to show at the Salon was rooted in his belief that the jury system was insensitive to artists.  Along with other artists, including Cabat, Rousseau, and Huet, Dupré organized a petition to change the jury system, and later became a member of the commission to reorganize the Salon.  In 1849, he received the Legion d’honneur.  He exhibited at both the Exposition Universelle and the Exposition Centennale.

Jules Dupré is considered a first-tier Barbizon painter with paintings in the Louvre; Musée d’Orsay, Paris, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Chicago Institute of Art, The National Gallery, Washington D.C.; National Gallery, London, etc.

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